MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION - FISH FINDER MISSION
The C-Enduro features an under-slung Ampair wind generator suspended from a swivel from a looped frame that also carries communications. Solar panels are also used, laid simply as a suspended deck above as ordinary catamaran twin hull-form. The off-the-shelf catamaran may not win any design awards, but then the ultra-conservative NOC called for, a no-frills persistent monitoring platform. We note from this picture that some shading of the solar panels is inevitable from the hoop frame, etc. Doubtless, the energy harvesting setup will include electronic solar trackers (as per PlanetSolar) to overcome the negative effects of shading. Either that, or the panels used could be amorphous (not here), for their ability to cope with shading, with a reduction in efficiency. The craft has a diesel generator onboard to make up for energy harvesting lulls and otherwise boost performance. She looks to be a 20-25 footer.
BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION - NOV 2014 - ROBOT FISHFINDER TRACKING MISSION
The AutoNaut is a fine entry and ended monohull that is powered by solar and wave energy. Compared to the other members of this fleet, it looks to be smaller, about the size of the ill-fated Scout Transatlantic - that was only solar powered. Note that the student built Scout Trans-Atlantic attempt did not fail due to size, rather it seems an electrical or electronic fault is, or was to blame.
Dr. Stephen Cotterell, of the Marine Biological Association, is leading the project. He is quoted as saying:
“This technology will give us a new dimension in our understanding of fish movements, residency and migrations in and around the marine protected areas off Plymouth. Understanding how fish use MPAs will be vital in understanding the value of these management tools to conserve fish stocks. One of the aims of the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive is achieving sustainable fisheries, through an ecologically coherent network of MPAs. We just don’t know enough yet about how effective MPAs are for mobile species. With this work we aim to get somewhere closer.”
Liquid Robotics Waveglider is a solar and wave powered autonomous monohull that is simple and robust, save for the underwater fin assembly that might have been inspired by a Venetian blind or kite, as mush as a fish tail.
MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION (MBA)
The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (MBA) is a learned society with a scientific laboratory that undertakes research in marine biology. The organisation was founded in 1884 and has been based in Plymouth (Hoe) since the Citadel Hill Laboratory was opened on 30 June 1888. It has a world-leading reputation for marine biological research, with some twelve Nobel laureates having been or being associated with it over the course of their career. Among them, A. V. Hill received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1922 "for his discovery relating to the production of heat in the muscle". The discovery of the mechanism of nerve impulses (action potentials) in animals was made at the Laboratory in Plymouth by Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin and Sir Andrew Huxley, work for which they were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1963. The MBA publishes the Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. The MBA is also home to the National Marine Biological Library, whose collections cover the marine biological sciences, and curates the Historical Collections. In 2013, the MBA was granted a Royal Charter in recognition of the MBA's scientific preeminence in its field.
Laboratory has been expanded and modernized. The choice of location for the MBA was very important, as one of the Laboratory’s requirements was to be able to pump sea-water. This was achieved via a well which is situated on the Hoe’s foreshore, beneath the
Laboratory. From the beginning, the MBA opened its tank rooms to the public and it continued to do so until 1998, when the collection was transferred to the new National Marine Aquarium nearby.
The MBA's laboratory, archives and exhibition building, The Citadel, Plymouth Hoe.
In 1866 the Royal Commission on the Sea
Fisheries, which included among its officers Professor Thomas Henry Huxley, had reported that fears of over-exploitation of the sea fisheries were unfounded. They recommended removing existing laws regulating fishing grounds and closed seasons. However, the increase in the size and number of fishing vessels was causing widespread concern, and there were reports from all around the UK coasts about the scarcity of particular fish. This concern was expressed at the International Fisheries Exhibition in London in 1883, a conference called to discuss the commercial and scientific aspects of the fishing industry, and which was attended by many leading scientists of the day. Nevertheless, in his opening address, Huxley discounted reports of fish scarcities and repeated the views of the Royal Commission of 1866. He stated that with existing methods of fishing, it was inconceivable that the great sea fisheries, such as those for cod (Gadus morhua), herring (Clupea harengus) and mackerel (Scomber scombrus), could ever be exhausted.
The Scottish equivalent of the MBA, set in some of the finest locations one might want to carry out this valuable research.
Prof Colin Brownlee – Current Research
Prof David Sims – Current Research
Dr Michael Cunliffe – Current Research
Dr Nova Mieszkowska – Current Research
Dr Declan Schroeder – Current Research
Dr Alison Taylor – Current Research
Dr Dan Smale – Current Research
Dr Pawel Burkhardt – Current Research
Dr John Bishop (Marine Biological Association) – Current Research
Dr Steve Coombs (Marine Biological Association)
Dr David Conway (Marine Biological Association)
Dr Keith Hiscock (Marine Biological Association)
Dr Emma Jackson (Marine Biological Association)
Dr Ian Joint (Marine Biological Association)
Dr Olivia Langmead (Marine Biological Association)
Dr Bill Langston (Marine Biological Association) – Current Research
Dr Brad Amos FRS (Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge)
Professor Richard Hartnoll (University of Liverpool)
Professor Stephen J. Hawkins (University of Southampton)
Professor Peter Smith (University of Southampton)
Dr Richard Kirby (University of Plymouth)
Dr David Ogden (Université Paris Descartes, France)
Dr Glen Wheeler (Plymouth Marine Laboratory) – Current research
Honorary Research Fellows
Dr Gerald Boalch (Marine Biological Association)
Dr Quentin Bone FRS (Marine Biological Association)
Professor Paul Dando (Marine Biological Association)
Prof. Robin Pingree (Marine Biological Association)
Professor Philip C. Reid (SAHFOS)
Dr Eve Southward (Marine Biological Association)
Professor Roddy Williamson (University of the West of Scotland, Glasgow)
150 years old. What do you think this MBA gathering of (mainly) gentlemen might make of the robotics revolution that is changing the way we gather information.
The Committee formed at the International Fisheries Exhibition 1883 resolved to take action to establish a British Marine Laboratory, an initiative that ultimately led to the formation of the Marine Biological Association and building of the Laboratory in Plymouth. They were:
Sir John Lubbock, MP (later Lord Avebury)
H. N. Moseley, Linacre Professor of Anatomy at University of Oxford
W. B. Carpenter FRS
The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom was formed at a meeting held in the rooms of the Royal Society in London on 31 March 1884. All but two of the signatories of the resolution of 1883 were present, together with some other scientists. By this time Professor Huxley had been persuaded to give his support and was elected as the first President of the Association, with Ray Lankester as Honorary Secretary.
The MBA is governed by a Council which is headed by a President. (See here for a list of current Council members: www.mba.ac.uk/council.) The MBA's Director is responsible for the day-to-day running of the Association.
Since 1884, the MBA has had fourteen Presidents:
T. H. Huxley (1884 to 1890)
Sir E. Ray Lankester (1890 to 1929)
Lord Moyne (1930 to 1939)
George Parker Bidder (1939 to 1945)
Sir James Gray (1945 to 1955)
A. V. Hill (1955 to 1960)
C. F. A. Pantin (1960 to 1966)
Sir Alan L. Hodgkin (1966 to 1976)
J. Z. Young (1976 to 1986)
James Lovelock (1986 to 1990)
Sir Crispin Tickell (1990 to 2001)
Sir Neil Chalmers (2002 to 2007)
Sir Howard Dalton (2007 to 2008)
Sir Geoffrey Holland (2008 to present)
There have been twelve directors of the Marine Biological Association since its foundation:
1884–1888: Walter Heape FRS
1888–1890: Gilbert C. Bourne FRS
1890–1892: William L. Calderwood
1892–1894: Edward J. Bles
1894–1936: Edgar J. Allen FRS
1936–1945: Stanley W. Kemp FRS
1945–1965: Sir Frederick S. Russell FRS
1965–1974: Sir J. Eric Smith FRS
1974–1987: Sir Eric J. Denton FRS
1987–1999: Michael Whitfield
1999–2007: Stephen J. Hawkins
2007–present: Colin Brownlee
The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
The oceans are a source of sustainable food for humans, provided that we do not over-fish and take steps to keep the waters free of pollution, mainly caused by the burning of fossil fuels, which in turn causes climate change and acid rain. Dangerous as they might be to divers, the magnificent great white shark deserves another million years of clean seas to hunt in - and we deserve mercury and other toxin free shellfish for ourselves and our children's children.
C-ENDURO ASV & MOST CONTRACTS AWARDED MAY 6 2014
Two new-generation long-endurance unmanned surface vehicles are about to enter production in the UK with confirmed orders for both vehicles, AutoNaut and C-Enduro.
Scripps Memorial Marine Biological Laboratory San-Deigo Institution of Oceanography
MARITIME AUTONOMOUS ROBOTICS - MARS
The Maritime and Autonomous Systems sub-group of the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Special Interest Group has been established to encourage networking around maritime applications of Robotics and Autonomous Systems. The UK's Marine industrial leaders are working with the Government to investigate whether a joint development of these systems would be worthwhile and practical. The work is supported by leading stakeholders, including MIA, the Knowledge Transfer Network and UK NEST.
MARS has three types of completely robotic
submarines AUVs called Autosub. We have taken Autosub to many exotic areas, including Greenland and
Antarctica, where it investigated the dark mysterious ice caverns under floating ice shelves, and the deep
Caribbean, where it helped discover the world's deepest “black smoker” hydrothermal vent. The Autosub team have built up, over nearly 20 years, a worldwide reputation in the design, improvement and operations of these yellow
Autonomous Surface Vehicles Ltd
LINKS & REFERENCE
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