OUTRIGHT LAND SPEED RECORD HISTORY

From the first electric speed records in 1898 to the latest rocket machines today

 

 

The information below is for self-propelled wheeled vehicles travelling over open ground. As such, it does not include records set by vehicles traveling on rails or motorized sleds over frozen lakes.

 

Additionally, the records below do not distinguish between different recognized classes of the land speed record, such as top speed for a motorcycle (333.117 mph), top speed for a steam-driven vehicle (145.607 mph), or other top speeds that are not absolutes.

 

These are average speeds over the given distance. Two figures are given, one for the speed measured over a kilometre long course, and one for a mile long course. The country field refers to the driver's nationality. Early records were not set according to clearly defined rules and thus some of them are controversial.

 

 

 

Date Location Driver Driver Country Vehicle Power Speed over 1 km Speed over 1 mile Comments

December 18, 1898

Achères, France

Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat

Fr

Jeantaud Duc

Electric

39.24 mph (63.15 km/h)

 

 

January 17, 1899

Achères, France

Camille Jenatzy

Bel

CGA Dogcart

Electric

41.42 mph (66.66 km/h)

 

 

January 17, 1899

Achères, France

Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat

Fr

Jeantaud Duc

Electric

43.69 mph (70.31 km/h)

 

 

January 27, 1899

Achères, France

Camille Jenatzy

Bel

CGA Dogcart

Electric

49.93 mph (80.35 km/h)

 

 

March 4, 1899

Achères, France

Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat

Fr

Jeantaud Duc Profilée

Electric

57.65 mph (92.78 km/h)

 

 

April 29, 1899

Achères, France

Camille Jenatzy

Bel

CITA No 25 La Jamais Contente

Electric

65.79 mph (105.88 km/h)

 

First record over 100km/h

April 13, 1902

Nice, France
Promenade des Anglais

Leon Serpollet

Fr

Gardner-Serpollet Oeuf de Pâques (Easter Egg)

Steam

75.06 mph (120.80 km/h)

 

 

November 5, 1902

Ablis, France

William K. Vanderbilt

USA

Mors Z Paris-Vienne

IC

76.08mph (122.44 km/h)

 

 

November 5, 1902

Dourdan, France

Henri Fournier

Fr

Mors Z Paris-Vienne

IC

76.60 mph (123.28 km/h)

 

 

November 17, 1902

Dourdan, France

M. Augières

Fr

Mors Z Paris-Vienne

IC

77.13 mph (124.13 km/h)

 

 

July 17, 1903

Ostend, Belgium

Arthur Duray

B

Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid

IC

83.46 mph (134.32 km/h)

 

 

November 5, 1903

Dourdan, France

Arthur Duray

Bel

Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid

IC

84.73 mph (136.36 km/h)

 

 

January 12, 1904

Lake St. Clair, USA

Henry Ford

USA

Ford Arrow

IC

 

91.37 mph (147.05 km/h)

On frozen lake

March 31, 1904

Nice, France

Arthur Duray

Bel

Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid

IC

88.76 mph (142.85 km/h)

 

 

March 31, 1904

Nice, France

Louis Rigolly

Fr

Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid

IC

94.78 mph (152.53 km/h)

 

 

May 25, 1904

Ostend, Belgium

Pierre de Caters

Bel

Mercedes Simplex 90

IC

97.25 mph (156.50 km/h)

 

 

July 21, 1904

Ostend, Belgium

Louis Rigolly

Fr

Gobron Brillié Gordon Bennett Cup

IC

103.56 mph (166.66 km/h)

 

 

November 13, 1904

Ostend, Belgium

Paul Baras

Fr

Darracq Gordon Bennett

IC

104.53 mph (168.22 km/h)

 

 

January 24, 1905

Daytona Beach, USA

Arthur MacDonald

Fr

Napier 6

IC

104.65 mph (168.42 km/h)

 

 

December 30, 1905

Arles, France

Victor Hémery

Fr

Darracq V8 Special

IC

109.65 mph (175.44 km/h)

 

 

January 26, 1906

Daytona Beach, USA

Fred H. Marchriott

USA

Stanley Steamer

Steam

121.57 mph (195.65 km/h)

 

 

January 24, 1907

Ormond Beach, Florida

Glenn Curtiss

USA

Curtiss V8 40 hp (30kW) motorcycle

IC

 

136.27 mph (219.31 km/h)

 

November 6, 1909

Brooklands, United Kingdom

Victor Héméry

France

200 hp (150 kW) Benz No 1

IC

125.94 mph (202.68 km/h)

115.93 mph (186.57 km/h)

 

June 24, 1914

Brooklands, United Kingdom

L. G. Hornstead

UK

200 hp (150 kW) Benz No 3

IC

 

124.09 mph (199.70 km/h)

First 2-way record

February 12, 1919

Daytona Beach, USA

Ralph DePalma

USA

Packard 905

IC

149.875 mph (241.200 km/h)

 

Recognized in the USA, not recognized by the AIACR

May 17, 1922

Brooklands, United Kingdom

Kenelm Lee Guinness

UK

350 hp (260 kW) Sunbeam

IC

133.70 mph (215.17 km/h)

129.17 mph (207.88 km/h)

Last record set on a closed course

July 6, 1924

Arpajon, France

René Thomas

Fr

Delage La Torpille

IC

143.21 mph (230.47 km/h)

143.31 mph (230.64 km/h)

 

July 12, 1924

Arpajon, France

Ernest A. D. Eldridge

UK

FIAT Special Mephistopeles II

IC

146.01 mph (234.98 km/h)

145.89 mph (234.79 km/h)

Last record set on a public road

September 25, 1924

Pendine Sands, Wales

Malcolm Campbell

United Kingdom

350 hp (260 kW) Sunbeam Blue Bird

IC

146.15 mph (235.21 km/h)

146.16 mph (235.22 km/h)

 

July 21, 1925

Pendine Sands, Wales

Malcolm Campbell

United Kingdom

350 hp (260 kW) Sunbeam Blue Bird

IC

150.86 mph (242.79 km/h)

150.76 mph (242.62 km/h)

 

March 21, 1926

Southport, United Kingdom

Henry Segrave

United Kingdom

4 Litre Sunbeam Ladybird

IC

152.30 mph (245.10 km/h)

149.32 mph (240.31 km/h)

 

April 27, 1926

Pendine Sands, Wales

J.G. Parry-Thomas

United Kingdom

Higham-Thomas Special Babs

IC

169.29 mph (272.45 km/h)

168.07 mph (270.48 km/h)

 

April 28, 1926

Pendine Sands, Wales

J. G. Parry-Thomas

United Kingdom

Higham-Thomas Special Babs

IC

171.01 mph (273.60 km/h)

170.62 mph (274.59 km/h)

 

February 4, 1927

Pendine Sands, Wales

Malcolm Campbell

United Kingdom

Campbell Napier Blue Bird

IC

174.88 mph (281.44 km/h)

174.22 mph (280.38 km/h)

Last record set in Europe

March 29, 1927

Daytona Beach, USA

Henry Segrave

United Kingdom

100 hp (75 kW) Sunbeam 'Slug'

IC

202.98 mph (326.66 km/h)

203.79 mph (327.97 km/h)

 

February 19, 1928

Daytona Beach, USA

Malcolm Campbell

United Kingdom

Campbell Napier Blue Bird

IC

 

206.95 mph (333.05 km/h)

 

April 22, 1928

Daytona Beach, USA

Ray Keech

USA

White Triplex Spirit of Elkdom

IC

 

207.55 mph (334.02 km/h)

 

March 11, 1929

Daytona Beach, USA

Henry Segrave

United Kingdom

Irving-Napier Golden Arrow

IC

231.56 mph (372.66 km/h)

231.36 mph (372.34 km/h)

 

February 5, 1931

Daytona Beach, USA

Malcolm Campbell

United Kingdom

Campbell Napier Railton Blue Bird

IC

246.08 mph (396.03 km/h)

245.73 mph (395.46 km/h)

 

February 24, 1932

Daytona Beach, USA

Malcolm Campbell

United Kingdom

Campbell Napier Railton Blue Bird

IC

251.34 mph (404.49 km/h)

253.96 mph (408.71 km/h)

 

February 22, 1933

Daytona Beach, USA

Malcolm Campbell

UK

Campbell Rolls-Royce Railton Blue Bird

IC

272.46 mph (438.48 km/h)

272.10 mph (437.90 km/h)

 

March 7, 1935

Daytona Beach, USA

Malcolm Campbell

UK

Campbell Rolls-Royce Railton Blue Bird

IC

276.16 mph (444.44 km/h)

276.71 mph (445.32 km/h)

Last record set on a beach

September 3, 1935

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

Malcolm Campbell

UK

Campbell Rolls-Royce Railton Blue Bird

IC

 

301.129 mph (484.620 km/h)

 

November 19, 1937

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

George E. T. Eyston

UK

Thunderbolt

IC

312.00 mph (502.11 km/h)

311.41 mph (501.17 km/h)

 

August 27, 1938

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

George E. T. Eyston

UK

Thunderbolt

IC

345.20 mph (555.55 km/h)

345.48 mph (556.00 km/h)

 

September 15, 1938

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

John Cobb

UK

Railton

IC

350.06 mph (563.37 km/h)

350.19 mph (563.58 km/h)

 

September 16, 1938

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

George E. T. Eyston

UK

Thunderbolt

IC

357.33 mph (575.07 km/h)

357.49 mph (575.32 km/h)

 

August 23, 1939

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

John Cobb

UK

Railton

IC

369.74 mph (595.04 km/h)

367.91 mph (592.09 km/h)

 

September 16, 1947

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

John Cobb

UK

Railton 'Mobil' Special

IC

393.82 mph (633.79 km/h)

394.19 mph (634.39 km/h)

First one-way over 400mph

1965

Bonneville

Summers Brothers

USA

Goldenrod

IC

 

 

 

July 17 1964

Lake Eyre

Australia

Donald Campbell

UK

Bluebird CN7

Turbojet

403.135

403.135

 

September 5, 1963

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

Craig Breedlove

USA

Spirit of America

Turbojet

408.312 mph (657.114 km/h)

407.447 mph (655.722 km/h)

Ratified by FIM as vehicle has 3 wheels

October 5, 1964

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

Tom Green

USA

Wingfoot Express

Turbojet

415.093 mph (668.027 km/h)

413.199 mph (664.979 km/h)

 FIA  made two classes  cars with two driven wheels and cars powered by jet engines 

October 7, 1964

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

Art Arfons

USA

The Green Monster

Turbojet

434.356 mph (665.231 km/h)

434.022 mph (664.694 km/h)

 

October 13, 1964

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

Craig Breedlove

USA

Spirit of America - Sonic 1

Turbojet

 

468.719 mph (754.330 km/h)

 

October 15, 1964

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

Craig Breedlove

USA

Spirit of America - Sonic 1

Turbojet

 

526.277 mph (846.861 km/h)

 parachutes failed  Breedlove  ended up  ditch.

Oct 22, 1964

Bonneville 

Bobby Tatroe

USA

Wingfoot Express II

25 Jato Rockets

 

 

reached speeds in excess of 580 mph rockets expired before end

October 27, 1964

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

Art Arfons

USA

The Green Monster

Turbojet

544.134 mph (875.699 km/h)

536.710 mph (863.791 km/h)

 first person over 500 mph

November 2, 1965

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

Craig Breedlove

USA

Spirit of America - Sonic 1

Turbojet

555.485 mph (893.966 km/h)

555.485 mph (893.966 km/h)

 

November 7, 1965

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

Art Arfons

USA

The Green Monster

Turbojet

572.546 mph (921.423 km/h)

576.553 mph (927.872 km/h)

 

Nov 12, 1965

Bonneville

Bob Summers

USA

Goldenrod

4x - V-8 Chryslers

 

409.277

fastest for wheel driven and piston engines

November 15, 1965

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

Craig Breedlove

USA

Spirit of America - Sonic 1

Turbojet

600.842 mph (966.961 km/h)

600.601 mph (966.574 km/h)

 first person over 600

1968

Bonneville

Jerry Kugel

USA

Lead Wedge

Electric

 

138 mph

 

October 23, 1970

Bonneville Salt Flats, USA

Gary Gabelich

USA

Blue Flame

Rocket

630.389 mph (1014.52 km/h)

622.407 mph (1001.67 km/h)

First record over 1000km/h

August 1971

Bonneville

Jack Reed

USA

Silver Eagle

Electric

 

146.437 mph

 

August 23, 1974

Bonneville

Roger Hedlund

USA

Battery Box

Electric

 

175 mph

 

December 17, 1979

Edwards AFB, USA

Stan Barrett

USA

Budweiser Rocket

Rocket

 

746 mph supersonic top speed claimed

Did not follow official measurement rules. 

October 4, 1983

Black Rock Desert, USA

Richard Noble

UK

Thrust2

Rolls Royce Avon Jet Engine

 

633.468 mph (1019.47 km/h)

 

Aug 21, 1991

Bonneville

Elwin Teague

USA

Speed0Motive

 

 

409.978

 

September 25, 1997

Black Rock Desert, USA

Andy Green

UK

ThrustSSC

2 Rolls Royce Jet Engines

713.496 mph (1148.26 km/h)

714.144 mph (1149.30 km/h)

 first person thru 700 mph barrier

October 15, 1997

Black Rock Desert, USA

Andy Green

UK

ThrustSSC

Turbofan

760.343 mph (1223.65 km/h)

763.035 mph (1227.99 km/h)

First supersonic record (Mach 1.016)

Oct 15, 1997

Bonneville

Ed Rannberg

USA

Lightning Rod

Electric

 

215.3 mph

First over 200 mph

October of 1999

Bonneville

Pat Rummerfield

USA

White Lightning

Electric

 

245.523 mph

 

2001

Bonneville

Don Vesco

USA

Turbinator

T55-L-11A SA

 

458.440

wheel driven  Turbine engine

2002

Bonneville

Nolan White

 

Parts Peddler

 

 

413

Not recognized by FIA

2004

Bonneville

Tom Burkland

 

Burkland's Stremaliner

2x Chrysler Donovans

 

417

Not recognized by the FIA

2004

Bonneville

C Taylor

USA

Buckeye Bullet

Electric

 

271.459 flying kilo

 

2005

Bonneville

C Taylor

USA

Buckeye Bullet

Electric

 

300+

Not FIA

2006

Bonneville

Andy Green

UK

Diesel

 

328 mph

 

Aug 24 2010

Bonneville

Roger Schroer

USA

Buckeye Bullet

Electric

307.66mph

(495.14kmh)

 

Jan 7 2011

HMAS Albatross

Barton Mawer

UK

UNSW Sunswift

Solar

 

88.5 kph

 

Oct 14 2011

Bonneville

Jim Burkdoll

USA

Electric Blue

Class E1

 

155.799 mph

Under 500Kg

Poss 2014

Australia

Rosco McGlashan

Australia

Aussie Invader

Gas turbine 

 

Est 1,000 mph

To be FIA recognised

Poss 2015

S. Africa

Andy Green

UK

Bloodhound

Gas turbine & rocket

 

Est 1,000 mph

To be FIA recognised

Poss 2015

Bonneville

CC

EU

Blueplanet BE3

Solar battery

electric

 

Est 350 mph

To be FIA recognised

 

 

 

Please note: Disputed records are on a grey background, other records yet to be ratified are on a blue background.

 

While we consider most of the information above is as accurate as can be, please don't consider it as an absolute reference.

 

 

LINKS & REFERENCE

 

"FIA Records List Cat. C" (PDF). Federation Internationale de L'automobile. Retrieved 1997-11-25.

"FIA Records List Cat. A" (PDF). Federation Internationale de L'automobile. Retrieved 2011-01-04.

New FIM World Record - Bonneville Raceway, Utah (USA), FIM 2010

Solar-powered car smashes speed record, Retrieved 10 January 2011

"Official measurement report for 2009 North American Land Sailing Association record".

name="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8209288.stm

"Overview of IHPVA speed records".

http://speedrecordclub.com/jftr_nov08.php

http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/records-1/fastest-tank/

http://www.hq.nasa.gov%2Falsj%2Fa17%2FA17_LunarRover

American X-Vehicles: An Inventory X-1 to X-50 NASA

FAI web-site - Accessed 27 Jan 2011

Tu_114 data from Aerospaceweb Access date: 26 May 2008

"FAI official database" Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. Retrieved: 10 January 2012

National Aeronautic Association Certificate of Record - Crew Access date: 5 March 2010

FAI web-site - Accessed 27 Jan 2011

FAI web-site - Accessed 25 Jan 2011

FAI web-site - Accessed 3 Jun 2014

 

 

 

 

 

The classic lines of this streamliner were inspired in part by Reid Railton and his designs for the Napier Lion and Rolls Royce engined Blue Bird LSR cars C. 1930 the Blueplanet BE3 features instant battery recharging using the patent Bluebird™ cartridge exchange system under license from BMS. Ken Norris advised generally as to the format and construction. This LSR is also solar assisted. She is designed for speeds in excess of 350mph using clean electricity for historic venues such as: Bonneville, Daytona and Pendine Sands. Advance notice of 6 months is required for event hire.

 

 

 

 

 

A - Z OF WORLD FAMOUS RACING CIRCUITS

 

Aintree

Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez

Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet

Autódromo José Carlos Pace (Brazil)

Bahrain International

Barcelona-Catalunya, Circuit de 

Bathurst (Australia)

Brands Hatch

Bremgarten Circuit

Brooklands

Donington Park

Fuji Speedway

Giles Villeneuve

Goodwood

Hockenheimring

Imola

Indianapolis

Knockhill

Korea International Circuit

Laguna Seca (CA, USA)

Le Mans

Mallory Park

Monaco

Monte Carlo

Monza

Nurburgring [Nordschleife] (Germany)

Oulton Park

Rockingham

Santa Pod Raceway

Sebring International Raceway

Shanghai International

Silverstone

Snetterton

Spa Francorchamps (Belgium)

Suzuka Circuit

Thruxton

Zandvoort, Circuit Park

Zeltweg (Austria - Red Bull)

 

Finding the right mobile phone and airtime package from numerous high street and online dealers can prove to be an overwhelming challenge. However, there’s more to a search than just finding a good looking phone. You need to ensure you get a reliable service and sensibly priced airtime. We therefore recommend you see our extensive Phone  Guide as a quick mission briefing before buying.

 

 

The Land Speed Record, Behind The Glory, book, by Nelson Kruschandl

 

One of the most irksome worries for LSR designers, is that although they may have begun a project in good faith, and we mean begun, as in put it all together - getting paid for their efforts in a hostile commercial environment can prove to be nigh on impossible where other team members may have their own agendas brewing and old school chum accountant pets to advise on strategy, such as to avoid settling sums due - and more interestingly to prevent a talented designer from going it alone: a war of attrition.

 

 

This website is Copyright © 2014 Bluebird Marine Systems Limited.   The names Bluebird™,Blueplanet BE3™, Ecostar DC50™, and the blue bird in flight Bluebird trademark legend, blue bird in flight logo logo are are trademarks concerning battery exchange for electric road and racing vehicles, service stations, electric motors, transmissions, solar panels, vehicle body panels and parts. All other trademarks are hereby acknowledged. For licensing and other developer permissions to use these trade marks, contact BMS Ltd. The color blue is a protected element of the bird mark. All other trademarks are hereby acknowledged.