ARABIA - ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE - ZEV RUN™
Arabia is a geographical region that is ripe to develop sustainable policies based on solar electricity that will ultimately benefit a change to a sustainable green economy for health reasons and to conserve oil for future trade, not to mention to curb changing weather patterns.
Map of the suggested route for the Arabian 'Desert' Cannonball International ZEV Run. Your route may vary from that shown, for example to take in fast charge locations, so long as the start and finish lines are the same.
CANNONBALL INTERNATIONAL EV SERIES
The Cannonball International EV Run™ series is for battery or hydrogen fuel cell powered electric vehicles that are based on ordinary production vehicle running gear and must be capable of carrying at least one passenger. They may be solar assisted, provided that the solar panel area does not exceed four square meters - a rule that may be relaxed in subsequent years as we learn from experience. See the full Cannonball EV rules HERE.
These rules are designed to promote the development of an international EV infrastructure, as a means of accelerating the transition from IC engines to clean electric motors, or other zero emission transportation, especially in countries that do not have abundant sunshine, where support for non-solar assisted electric vehicles is all the more important.
sure that you read the EV runners road rules before entering your
team. Each person completing a recognized run will receive a Blue
Riband eco medal. The competitor with the highest scores overall in
any one year will have their name inscribed on the Bluebird
JEDDAH to DUBAI : THE ARABIAN DESERT CANNONBALL ZEV RUN STOPS @ 50mph AVE
GOOGLE SUGGESTED ROUTE - Driving directions 30 HR target with cartridge exchange and 40 hours with fast charging (This route has tolls). Please note that there are no fast charging points along this route that we know of. Hence, bank on 50-60 hours with slow charging. The Google route planner time of 17 hour 35 minutes, is for an average speed of 72.6 mph. Clearly, a target speed that is challenging for many EVs that may be suitable as budget entrant vehicles.
Jeddah - Saudi Arabia
Dubai - United Arab Emirates
OFFICIAL CANNONBALL INTERNATIONAL ZEV ROUTES
EUROSTATION CONCEPT: From the plan and end views of the concept Eurostation for smart cities (above), you may care to agree that the land, footprint) requirement is significantly smaller than any conventional petrol/diesel forecourt. The Ecostar DC50 (currently under construction) is shown here to scale to give you some idea of size. The DC50 is 300mm longer than a Smart car and the cartridge shown is actually more suited to the super-minis and hatchbacks that are so popular today. You do not need to get out of an EV being serviced, having entering the tunnel. The mechanism is automated. Solar roofs are advocated by way of harvesting a small percentage of energy from nature to further offset climate change. BMS has an in-house planning consultant with experience of awkward councils and several victories on appeal to the Secretary of State under his belt - admittedly, less applicable in Denmark, where their system is sure to be different.
A Bluebird™ EuroStation is a 3.6MW solar assisted EV service facility containing 60 cartridges on a continuous charge cycle. Five of these stations (18MW) can recharge (refuel) 10 cars a minute in ideal circumstances. Next time you visit your BP or Tesco fuel pump, count the number of cars leaving the station in a minute. You will find that an electric forecourt holds the potential to be quicker. During rush hour, 600 cars might be serviced in one hour. During an eight hour day 2,400 or more cars might be serviced - with the equivalent battery charge cycle of one hour - so even under time pressure, less harmful to batteries than curbside fast charging and we start every morning with 60 slow charged cartridges from off-peak overnight supplies. The same forecourt might be used to service fuel-cell cars powered by liquid hydrogen or hydride pellets. One size fits all. If 10 Eurostations were to be installed for the same geographical region, the charge time per exchange rises to 2 hours, and so on. Further protecting batteries and providing an energy store buffer. When using fuel cell technology, charge time does not come into the equation, but other arrangements have to be made to replenish hydrogen, that at the moment is a long way off - simply because it is unlikely that we will be engaged to look at that side of things - and without the flexibility that the Bluebird™ cartridge system offers, EV servicing is likely to remain a problem.
Two conceptual designs for a Universal energy cartridge, both with 8 cubic feet of storage capacity. It is not so much the shape of the cartridge, it is that the loading points are compatible with the car and any eventual service station. The pick-up and contact point details are not shown here due to patent laws prohibiting advance publication. Any shape cartridge may be suitable for a Bluebird™ service forecourt, provided that the basic "Universal" connectors are used. We will release these details one the applicable patent is in the processing pipeline. Patent application is dependent on identifying a demand. An unusual situation, but with only twenty years to recover investment, no sensible IP company (like ourselves) will want to start the clock ticking too soon. One possible solution to that dilemma, is a binding Agreement with potential end users - to, in effect overcome patent law failings.
WORLD ELECTRIC CAR SALES 2013
The UAE has been spending billions of dollars on infrastructure. These developments are particularly evident in the larger emirates of Abu Dhabi and Dubai. The northern emirates are rapidly following suit, providing major incentives for developers of residential and commercial property.
Abdullah ibn Abdilazīz (Arabic: عَبدُٱللهِ ٱبنُ عبدِ العزيزِ ʻAbdullāh ibnu ʻAbdilʻAzīz, born 1 August 1924) is the King of Saudi Arabia. He ascended to the throne on 1 August 2005 upon the death of his half-brother, King
Fahd. According to Forbes, Abdullah is among the world's most powerful people ranked 8th globally.
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم; Muḥammad bin Rāshid al Maktūm), also Sheikh Mohammed, (born 15 July 1949) is the Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and constitutional monarch of Dubai.
THE ARABIAN ECONOMY
SAUDI ARABIA - Saudi Arabia's command economy is petroleum-based; roughly 75% of budget revenues and 90% of export earnings come from the oil industry. Saudi Arabia is thus dangerously dependent on oil. It is also strongly dependent on foreign workers with about 80% of those employed in the private sector being non-Saudi. Among the challenges to the Saudi economy include halting or reversing the decline in per capita income, improving education to prepare youth for the workforce and providing them with employment, diversifying the economy, stimulating the private sector and housing construction, diminishing corruption and inequality.
We think you may agree that this is no mean feat and will require considerable management skills and more than likely, social innovation.
The oil industry comprises about 45% of Saudi Arabia's nominal gross domestic product, compared with 40% from the private sector. Saudi Arabia officially has about 260 billion barrels (4.1×1010 m3) of oil reserves, comprising about one-fifth of the world's proven total petroleum reserves. That is all very well, but other countries around the world are developing their renewable energy industries. The effect of which is that oil will no longer be required. Hence, the country will be sitting on fossil reserves that nobody wants anymore. Especially, with shipping making the move to less polluting fuels because of MARPOL. This is an irreversible trend where Europe and now America and China are pushing the zero carbon economies. In other words sustainability. Burning coal and oil, no matter how cheap, is considered to be un-sustainable.
In the 1990s, Saudi Arabia experienced a significant contraction of oil revenues combined with a high rate of population growth. Per capita income fell from a high of $11,700 at the height of the oil boom in 1981 to $6,300 in 1998. Increases in oil prices since 2000 have helped boost per capita GDP to $17,000 in 2007 dollars, or about $7,400 adjusted for inflation. Taking into account the impact of the real oil price changes on the Kingdom's real gross domestic income, the real command-basis GDP was computed to be 330.381 billion 1999 USD in 2010. Oil price increases of 2008–2009 triggered a second oil boom.
The glut of oil in 2014 is bound to upset the Arabian economy. A move to electric cars and solar assisted power for transport, based on strategic infrastructure developments, will have the effect of boosting the economy and preserve oil for export income.
Saudi Arabia plans to launch six "economic cities" (e.g. King Abdullah Economic City), to be completed by 2020, in an effort to diversify the economy and provide jobs. The King has announced that the per capita income is forecast to rise from $15,000 in 2006 to $33,500 in 2020. The cities will be spread around Saudi Arabia to promote diversification for each region and their economy, and the cities are projected to contribute $150 billion to the GDP. To further enhance such plans, integrated smart city transport planning will be beneficial, or rather is essential to future proof an economy that at present relies on oil.
ARAB EMIRATES - The UAE has the second largest economy in the Arab world (after Saudi Arabia), with a gross domestic product (GDP) of $377 billion (AED1.38 trillion) in 2012. Since independence in 1971, UAE's economy has grown by nearly 231 times to AED1.45 trillion in 2013.The non-oil trade has grown to AED1.2 trillion, a growth by around 28 times from 1981 to 2012.
Mecca (/ˈmɛkə/; Arabic: مكة, Makkah, pronounced [ˈmæk.kæ]), also transliterated as Makkah, is a city in the Hejaz and the capital of Makkah Province in Saudi Arabia. The city is located 70 km (43 mi) inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during Hajj period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhu al-Hijjah.
21 AUG 2014 - DUBAI'S 10 YEAR PLAN FOR 'SMART' ENERGY and TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
SOLAR COLA ARABIA LTD
page is sponsored by Solar Cola
Arabia Limited (SCA). SCA is committed
to providing healthier soft drinks using fair trading principles. SCA are
supporters of the Cannonball Trans-Nigeria Run and give a generous
percentage of profits to environmental projects that promote sustainable
principles, locally and internationally - for a better, cleaner planet.
Solar Cola hopes that this Trans-Arabian desert rally will encourage local
talent to get involved in transportation. Foreign entrants may also help
identify problem areas, and by completing this desert course may prove the
viability of a EuroStation type of energy network.
LINKS & REFERENCE:
Out Law infrastructure plan sets Dubai on course for smart energy and transport systems
http://www.forbes.com 2014 oil-majors-woes-good-news-for-tesla-and-other-ev-makers
http://metro.co.uk 2011 cannonball run remake attracts bids from rival guy ritchie and shawn levy
New York Times 2014/11/11 Denmark-aims-for-100-percent-renewable-energy
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