The world's oceans provide 10% of the food that humans need to live in harmony




Presentation on theme: "Maritime and marine RDI in the EU, Blue Growth: present and future Ronald Vopel Directorate-General for Research and Innovation Unit H.2 – Surface Transport."— Presentation transcript:

1 Maritime and marine RDI in the EU, Blue Growth: present and future Ronald Vopel Directorate-General for Research and Innovation Unit H.2 – Surface Transport Maritime and Innovation Brokerage Event Santiago de Compostela, November 2013 Picture copyrights pending where applicable

2 Maritime and marine RDI in the EU, Blue Growth: present and future 


1.Global overview of past, present and future marine and maritime research areas on EU level 

2.Horizon 2020 – basics and the place of transport 

3.Outline of the Horizon 2020 work programme for 2014 and 2015, "Waterborne Transport" and "Blue Growth" 

4.Blue Growth: Scope, definition, policy drivers, study results and possible funding sources


3 Scope of maritime and marine RDI in the EU. Maritime transport incl. shipbuilding and marine equipment. Energy efficiency and emission reduction [GHG, pollutants]. Maritime safety and security. Short Sea Shipping, ports and logistics [operations, e-maritime, inter-modality, inland navigation, ICT]. Waste management [shipborne, dismantling]. Production processes and new materials. Arctic shipping. Marine renewable energy. Wind. Waves, currents and tides. OTEC. Algae biofuels. Offshore oil and gas, methane hydrates.

4 Scope of maritime and marine RDI in the EU (cont΄d). Ocean mineral resources, sea bed mining, deep sea intervention. Maritime tourism. Cruise shipping – design, safety, efficiency, environment. Sustainable coastal tourism. Marine environment. Biodiversity, habitats and eco-systems. Invasive species, pollution incl. marine litter. Living resources (fisheries, aquaculture). Climate change and Arctic dimension. Oceanography, observation and monitoring, seabed mapping. Maritime surveillance functions incl. space applications. Socio-economic research (seafarers, transport systems etc.).

5 Scope of maritime and marine RDI in the EU (cont΄d). Topics come under the responsibility of a number of Directorates- General in the European Commission (RTD, MOVE, CNECT, ENTR, ENV, MARE, JUST, REGIO, ENER, EMPL). Policy development and RDI funding are always linked but not necessarily organised in the same department. Multitude of instruments (FPs, TPs, JPIs, JTIs, ERA, PPPs, studies etc.) The regional context gets particular attention (e.g. through the European sea-basin strategies), linkage with EU structural funds. International co-operation where beneficial and adequate, sometimes required (e.g. IMO, ICES, Arctic Council, bi-lateral).

6 Horizon 2020 is different from FP7. A strong challenge-based approach, allowing applicants to have considerable freedom to come up with innovative solutions. Simplified list of possible types of action (e.g. research and 100%; innovation 70%, …). Less prescription, strong emphasis on expected impact. Broader topics. Cross-cutting issues mainstreamed (e.g. social sciences, gender, international…)

7 Transport 6339 Energy 5931 Food 3851 Health 7472 Security 1695 Climate 3081 Changing world 1310 Societal challenges - breakdown

8 Water Intelligent Transport Systems resource efficiency oil dependency congestion safety seamlessness global competition infrastructure capacity system performance security user friendliness sustainability growing transport needs climate resilience CO 2 + GHG emissions Logistics Socio-economic accessibility Infrastructure air quality noise Urban Water Rail Air Road Urban

9 Horizon 2020. Transport. "Mobility for Growth": Resource efficient transport, safe and seamless, environmentally friendly, competitive. Partly to be carried out by PPPs, waterborne PPP under discussion by industry. Multidisciplinary research will play a key role. Enhancing the innovation potential of projects, growth and jobs, support for SMEs. Ocean. Unlocking the potential of the oceans ("Blue Growth") included as focus area. Marine mineral resources, blue bio-tech, maritime tourism, ocean energy, new aquaculture identified as first (policy) priorities, R&I priorities slightly different. Need for marine knowledge generation and enabling technologies, esp. for new frontiers (Arctic, deep sea), international co-operation.

10 Horizon 2020: work programme. Mobility for Growth work programme is now final and has been agreed by the Member States. WP has been pre-published on 20 November 2013: ansport_ _en.htm ansport_ _en.htm Timing: December 2013. Adoption of H2020 legislative package. 11 December 2013. Announcement of calls for proposals WP. 18 December 2013. Info day in Brussels. January – February 2014. Confirmation of Work Programmes (after H2020 entry into force).

11 .

12 Horizon 2020: work programme. Four headline topics foreseen for waterborne transport: Towards the energy efficient and very-low emission vessel Safer and more efficient waterborne operations through new technologies and smarter traffic management System modelling and life-cycle cost and performance optimisation for waterborne assets Advancing innovation in the Inland Waterways Transport (IWT) sector. Blue Growth: a very broad approach.

13 1/ High potential for innovation and growth 2/ Genuinely cross-cutting approaches 3/ Support across the innovation chain from research, to development 4/ Support to Policy: Blue Growth agenda, IMP, Marine Strategy Framework Directive CRITERIA FOR TOPICS TO BE INCLUDED IN BLUE GROWTH.

14 Blue Growth Focus Area in WP topics BG 1 – 2015: Improving the preservation and sustainable exploitation of Atlantic marine ecosystems BG 2 – 2015: Forecasting and anticipating effects of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture BG 3 – 2014: Novel marine derived biomolecules and industrial biomaterials BG 4 – 2014: Enhancing the industrial exploitation potential of marine-derived enzymes BG 5 – 2014: Preparing for the future innovative offshore economy BG 6 – 2014: Delivering the sub-sea technologies for new services at sea BG 7 – 2015: Response capacities to oil spills and marine pollutions BG 8 – 2014: Developing in-situ Atlantic Ocean Observations for a better management and sustainable exploitation of the maritime resources BG 9 – 2014: Acoustic and imaging technologies.

15 Blue Growth Focus Area in WP topics BG 10 – 2014: Consolidating the economic sustainability and competitiveness of European fisheries and aquaculture sectors to reap the potential of seafood markets BG 11 – 2014: Monitoring, dissemination and uptake of marine and maritime research BG 12 – 2014/2015: Supporting SMEs efforts for the development - deployment and market replication of innovative solutions for blue growth BG 13 – 2014: Ocean literacy – Engaging with society – Social Innovation BG 14 – 2014: Supporting international cooperation initiatives: Atlantic Ocean Cooperation Research Alliance BG 15 – 2014: European polar research cooperation BG 16 – 2015: Coordination action in support of the implementation of the Joint Programming Initiative on 'Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans' Plus: Exploitation of deep sea resources – deep sea mining: To be addressed in SC 5: "Climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials".

16 Marine research in other parts of Horizon 2020 SC2 (Focus Area Sustainable Food Security). Aquaculture & Fisheries (discards, diseases, Ecosystem approach) SC3 (Energy). Generic topics open to ocean energy SC4 (Transport). Waterborne transport SC5 (Climate). Climate/ocean interactions, raw materials/deep sea mining LEIT 1 : KET 2 Nano materials Excellent Science: Infrastructure 1 Leadership in Enabling and Industrial Technologies 2 Key Enabling Technologies.

17 The Blue Economy (bn EUR GVA).

18 What is Blue Growth? Blue Growth describes the value of the seas, oceans and coasts to economic growth. Specifically, the Commission is looking for “Sustainable growth and employment based on marine resources, scientific or economic activities in established, emerging or future maritime sectors and in the coastal regions.”

19 Blue Growth and Growth Blues Lack of comprehensive analysis of growth drivers and possible future policy options Need for better understanding of the impact of new technologies, external factors and meta-trends Sub-optimal development of maritime sectors.

20 The aims Look at key economic maritime areas and assess potential (qualitatively and quantitatively) Identify barriers to and drivers for sustainable growth, derive “micro- futures” Explore regional and sea-basin dimension Guide future (maritime) policy strategies, in line with Europe 2020 strategy and objectives 20

21 Blue Growth – Maritime Functions.

22 Blue Growth – Maritime Sub-Functions Shortsea shipping (incl. RoRo) Growing aquatic products (micro-algae) High value use of marine resources (health, cosmetics, well-being, etc.) Oil, gas and methane hydrates Offshore wind energy Ocean renewable energy resources (wave, tidal, OTEC, salinity) Marine mineral resources Securing fresh water supply (desalination) Coastline tourism, including yachting and marinas Cruise including port cities Protection against flooding and erosion Maritime monitoring and surveillance Environmental monitoring.

23 Activities with high growth and employment prospects.

24 Blue Growth – Funding IMP until 2014: Framework contracts for Identifying and Supporting Blue Growth Projects in Emerging Sectors (MARE/2012/06) Support to the Implementation of the Integrated Maritime Policy of the EU (MARE/2012/07) : mainstreaming of maritime policy objectives: more targeted use of EU funding instruments CSF funds to support 'blue economy' objectives Horizon 2020 (incl. JPI's, JTI's, IP's, PPP's) (see before) EIB financing instruments (loans, risk financing instrument) Private sector.

25 FP7 Project synopses and thematic brochures.

26 Blue Growth Communication Blue Growth study https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/maritimeforum/content/2946 Blue Growth webpage EU Integrated Maritime Policy Blue Growth and IMP Links.






Presentation on theme: "Argonowski CC BY SA 3.0, 2008. Europe 2020 Blue Growth A resource Efficient Europe An Innovation Union Development of innovative sectors Sustainable development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Argonowski CC BY SA 3.0, 2008

2 Europe 2020 Blue Growth A resource Efficient Europe An Innovation Union Development of innovative sectors Sustainable development of maritime economy An industrial policy for the globalisation era Competitiveness of maritime activities Agenda for new skills and jobs Development of necessary skills Blue Growth

3 Innovation Sustainability Economic Growth Employment +

4 Supporting economic activities for coastal regions and communities Coastal regions home to over 205 million people 88 million people work there The blue economy represents nearly 500 billion GVA and 5.6 million jobs Hans Hillewaert CC BY SA 3.0, 2008 Blue Growth

5 Blue Growth study A picture of the maritime economy Mature, emerging and prospective sectors Assessment of strengths and weaknesses Policy considerations

6 Activities with high growth and employment prospects Manuel Zublena, 2007 Blue Growth Mature economic activities Coastal tourism and yachting Offshore oil and gas Coastal protection Short sea shipping Emerging sectors Cruise tourism Offshore wind Marine monitoring and surveillance Marine aquatic products Sectors in pre- development phase Ocean renewable energy Marine mineral mining Blue biotechnology

7 Foresight growth scenarios

8 Framework conditions for growth – drivers & bottlenecks Ross, CC BY SA 2.0, 2008Blue Growth Marine and maritime R&D&I Access to finance Public acceptance Skills needs Clusters to build critical mass Essential smart infrastructure IMP initiatives Maritime Spatial Planning Marine Knowledge Integrated maritime surveillance Sea-basin strategies

9 Blue Growth Communication September 2012 Link to Europe 2020 Sea Basins Growth Policies (Short Sea Shipping, LeaderShip, innovation, research, technology) Specific objectives: Aquaculture Maritime Tourism Blue Biotech Seabed mining Ocean Energy

10 The Limassol Declaration 8 October 2012 Builds on Europe 2020 From Concept to Delivery Link to Blue Book 2007 Maritime Policy agenda for next 5 years + Innovation Sustainability, Growth, Jobs Access to finance: MFF

11 Maritime Spatial Planning (and ICZM) Enable Growth at sea – harness potential Sustainability EU objectives Human activities at sea are at the core

13 Study on economic effects of MSP (estimates): Lower coordination cost Reduced Administrative costs Lower transaction costs: 400 million – 1,8 billion euros in 2030 Enhanced investment climate: 155 million – 1.6 billion euros in 2030

14 Why EU action? Added value: Supports and strengthens ongoing development Cross-border cooperation Seamless integration Efficiency gain, transparency, predictability, stability No interest: Micromanagement Adding needless regulation

15 Examples Energy North Sea offshore grid Re-use of oil platforms Interaction with shipping, fisheries, MPAs Needs to cut costs – planning, licensing, research etc. Environment MSFD implementation Natura 2000 Fisheries Complementarities?

16 A few fundamentals Defining objectives to guide MSP Developing MSP in a transparent manner Stakeholder participation Coordination and simplifying decision processes Cross-border cooperation and consultation Incorporating monitoring and evaluation in the planning process Achieving coherence between terrestrial and maritime spatial planning Strong data and knowledge base

17 Blue Growth Blue Growth for the optimal use of marine resources Contribution of the blue economy to Europe's growth There is sustainable growth potential in all maritime areas - All we need is to make it work

18 Thank you for your attention 



Operation Seanet, world ocean gyre cleanup project


The North Pacific gyre is just one of several swirling trash zones (gyres) in our oceans, and it's where a lot of our plastic litter ends up. While these debris patches aren't visible piles of floating trash in the water, they are inverted mountains - a bit like landfill sites at sea - hidden from view. The reality of what they are and how they got there is mind boggling and extremely harmful to marine life. We can't (at the moment) do much about nuclear waste in the oceans (except appeal to reason), but we can act to vacuum up solids.



















Global food security aleviation via cleaner oceans


SEAVOLUTION - Continuous monitoring of the oceans and constant plastic patrols is a potential cure for pollution build uo, for which the SeaVax ZCC (Zero Carbon Cruiser) platform, a concept under development, is a robotic ocean workhorse that holds the potential to provide a part solution to blue growth. The SeaVax concept is based on a stable trimaran hull design that is under development in the UK.




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